The preliminary efficacy evaluation of the CTLA-4-Ig treatment against Lupus nephritis through in-silico analyses.
J Theor Biol. 2019 Mar 27;:
Authors: Lu F, Zhu M, Lin Y, Zhong H, Cai L, He L, Chou KC
The humanized cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 immunoglobulin (CTLA-4-Ig) has been used to treat Lupus nephritis (LN) based on CTLA-4’s negative regulation of T-cell activation through competent to binding with CD80/CD86, the inherent genetic factors influencing the CTLA-4-Ig treatment efficacy are widely unknown. Here, 62 nonsynonymous single nucleotide variants (nsSNVs) of CTLA-4 gene, 184 of CD80 and 201 of CD86 were identified and validated within both EMBL-EBI and dbSNP databases. Next, the nsSNVs rs1466152724 in CTLA-4, rs1196816748, rs765515058, rs1157880125, rs1022857991, and rs142547094 in CD80 and rs1203132714 in CD86 were consistently suggested to be deleterious by SIFT, PolyPhen-2, PROVEAN and meta LR. Based on the 3D structure stability analysis, the variant rs765515058 causing G167V in CD80 was found to reduce the protein’s stability through changing the characters of constructed structure of complete CD80 apo form and stabilizing amino acid residues of CD80 holo form in a great degree. Furthermore, the interaction energy analysis results suggested that rs1022857991 causing C50F may reduce the binding energy of CTLA-4 with CD80. Along with the increasing variants, these nsSNVs’ effects on the interaction of CTLA-4 with CD80/CD86 will increase, and thus influence the CTLA-4-Ig treatment efficacy against LN.
PMID: 30928350 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]